Earned Wage Access: CFPB Advisory Opinion

Flexible Pay

On 11/30/2020 the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) issued an advisory opinion regarding certain types of earned wage access (EWA) providers. In the document, the CFPB also provided an opinion on a legally ambiguous form of earned wage access that requires an employee to repay advances from a vendor.

In the opinion, the CFPB indicates that programs that require an employee to pay back an on-demand transfer via a payroll deduction and charge fees may be considered extensions of credit. The CFPB has noted that there is no extension of credit in the case of wage deductions only if there are no fees or other restrictions. As noted, DailyPay’s proprietary technology and use of the Non-Payback Model do not and have never relied on employee payback of funds via a payroll deduction or debiting of bank accounts (the CFPB’s analysis only clarifies information around these models — our model is and has always been in full compliance).

By way of background, there are two types of on-demand pay models. The difference between the two is the presence or absence of an employee-directed payback, i.e., an employee obligation to repay.

How Does the Opinion Apply to DailyPay? 

The CFPB opinion does not apply to or impact DailyPay’s model, as DailyPay does not require any form of employee payback. As such, it does not require DailyPay, or any of its employer partners, to make any changes in response to the opinion. The opinion does not provide an “approved” or “endorsed” model. Its sole purpose is to clarify a legally questionable model used by some providers in the marketplace, solely from a federal consumer finance perspective.